State of Lake Michigan: Ecology, Health & Management

“My hope is that we will not forget the lessons of three critical decades –the 1960s to the 1980s– when science based information, an ethic of concern for our shared environment and progressive bipartisan politics arrested and reversed a century of Great Lakes deterioration. This volume, cataloguing and analyzing the current science on the state of Lake Michigan, is an important part of that remembrance. It carries forward the singular contribution that the binational Great Lakes scientific community has made not only to restoring the Great Lakes, but also to the world’s body of knowledge about large lake ecology, the long-range transport of pollutants, and the importance of habitat in assuring ecosystem health. It is a valuable addition to the Great Lakes literature.”

– Lana Pollack, President, Michigan Environmental Council.

Table of Contents

T. Edsall, M. Munawar

L. Pollack

Physical and chemical regimes:

Physical, limnological and hydrological characteristics of Lake Michigan
D.J. Schwab, T.E. Croley II, and W.M. Schertzer

Lake Michigan paleolimnology
E.F. Stoermer

Composition and Accumulation of Recent Sediments in Lake Michigan
B. Eadie, J.A. Robbins

Submerged terra incognita: Lake Michigan’s abundant but unknown rocky zones
J. Janssen, M.B. Berg, S.J. Lozano

Recent and Long-term nutrient trends in Lake Michigan
G.J. Warren, R.G. Kreis

Atrazine in the Lake Michigan ecosystem: Monitoring results from the Lake Michigan mass balance study
R.N. Brent and G.J.Warren


A preliminary assessment of the planktonic food web in Lake Michigan
M. Munawar, I.F. Munawar, M. Fitzpatrick, D. Lynn

The pelagic phytoplankton community of Lake Michigan, 1983 to 1999
J.C. Makarewicz

Crustacean Zooplankton Communities in Lake Michigan
R.P.Barbiero, L.L. Schacht, R.E. Little and M.L. Tuchman

Recent trends in benthic macroinvertebrate communities in Lake Michigan
T.F. Nalepa, D.L. Fanslow, G.A. Lang and S.A. Ruberg

Role of a lake-wide prey fish survey in understanding ecosystem dynamics and managing fisheries of Lake Michigan
C.P. Madenjian

The uncoupling of trophic food webs by invasive species in Lake Michigan
D. Jude, J. Janssen, E. Stoermer


The Double-crested Cormorant in Lake Michigan: A review of population trends, ecology and current management
N. Seefelt and J. Gillingham

Bald eagles of Lake Michigan: Ecology and Contaminants
C.R.Dykstra, M.W. Meyer, S. Postupalsky, K.L. Stromborg, D.K. Warnke and R.G. Eckstein

Temporal and spatial trends of organochlorine contaminants in Herring gull eggs from Lake Michigan, 1976-2002.
D.V. Chip Weseloh, R.A. Faber, and C. Pekarik


Lake Michigan wetlands: Classification, concerns and Management opportunities
D.A. Wilcox

Lake Michigan’s coastal wetlands: Distribution, biological components with emphasis on fish and threats
D. Jude, D. Albert, D.G. Uzarski, J. Brazner

Distribution, Classification and selection rationale of coastal wetlands in Lake Michigan
T. P. Simon, R.L. Dufour, P.M. Stewart, and M. Moffett

Management and Initiatives

Developing indicators of ecosystem health
P.Bertram, C. Forst, and P. Horvatin

The state of Lake Michigan in 2000 and its linkage to the joint strategic plan for management of the Great Lakes fisheries
T.N. Trudeau

A review of Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) Control in Lake Michigan, 1960-2001
D. S. Lavis

An initial, landscape-based information system for ecological assessment of Lake Michigan Tributaries
P.W. Seelbach and M. J. Wiley

Protecting visitor health in beach waters in Lake Michigan: Problems and opportunities
M.B. Nevers and R.L. Whitman

Summary and synthesis

T. Edsall, M. Munawar